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2020年中考英语必备:初中英语语法三大从句总结




  Because --- 因为,通常从句放在主句后.Mr Smith was very upset because he couldn’t find his luggage.
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  As --- 因为, 通常放在句首As he is honest and modest, all his friends like him.
  Since ---既然 因语气较弱, 常译为既然(众所周知的原因)Since everybody has come, we can set off.
  Now that --- 既然Now that you are here, you can join us.
  considering that --- 顾及到Considering that they are just beginners, they are doing quite a good job.
  seeing that --- 由于Seeing (that) quite a few people were absent, we decided to put the meeting off. 5. 结果状语从句
  引导结果状语从句的连词有:that, so that, so…that…
  such…that So… that --- 太……以至于 so 后面应用形容词或副词, 有时省略so只用thatBoeing 747 is so large that people like to call it jet bomb喷气炸弹.
  So that --- 因而,以便,为了 有时so 可以省去Speak louder please so that the people at the back can hear you.
  Such …that… ---太……以至于 用法与so…that相同,但such 后面应用名词。The foreign visitor was such a fast speaker that nobody could understand him. 6. 目的状语从句
  引导目的状语从句的主要连词有: that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest
  (So) that --- 以便, 从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等Let’s take the front seats (so) that we may see more clearly.
  in order that --- 为了, 与so that 相同从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等School was closed early in order that the children might go home ahead of the storm.
  for fear that --- 生怕; 为了防止(某事发生)He took the name down for fear that he should forget it.
  in case --- 万一You should bring a dictionary in case you need it.
  Lest --- 以防万一The man decided to tell his boss the fact lest he would be angry with him. 7. 让步状语从句
  引导让步状语从句的连词有:Although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether.

  Although, though ---虽然>  As --- 尽管 as 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装。可与though 互换。Busy as he is, he never misses a football match.
  Even if /even though ---即使Even if you don’t like your boss, you should do your work.
  However --- 不论, however 引导让步状语从句时,句子通常倒装He couldn’t get there on time however fast he drove.
  No matter (what, when, where, how) ---无论(什么,何时,何地,怎样)He wouldn’t forgive me no matter how hard I begged him.
  Whatever --- 不管Whatever other people may say, she won’t change her mind.
  While ---尽管While I have sympathy for you, I can’t help you.
  Whether ---不管,常与or not 连用Whether he is good or not, the company decided to send him abroad. 8. 方式状语从句方式状语从句常由: as, as if, as though
  as ---与…… 一样Do in Rome as the Romans do.
  as if, as though --- 仿佛, 由as if或 as though引导的从句中可用虚拟语气She stood at the door as if (=as though) she were waiting for someone.

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