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英语语法专题104:从属连词,主要引导两大类从句,豁然开朗!




  本次英语语法专题我们学习“从属连词”,具体内容如下:
英语学习
  从属连词通常引导一个从句,修饰从句。从属连词一般分为两类:引导名词性从句(如主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句)的从属连词和引导状语从句的从属连词。
  一、引导名词性从句的从属连词
  引导名词性从句的从属连词主要有that,if,whether等。
  例句:ThatJane let out the news annoys all of us.
  简泄露消息的事使我们都不高兴。(that引导主语从句)
  例句:I believethatlove is the greatest thing in this world;thatit alone can overcome hate;thatright can and will triumph over might.
  我相信爱是世界上最强大的事物;只有爱能压倒恨;而且相信正义能够且最终会战胜强权。(that引导宾语从句)
  例句:I am wonderingifyou could help me.
  不知你能否帮我一下。(if引导宾语从句)
  例句:The question iswhetherthey will ever become future Olympic champion.
  问题是他们究竟会不会成为未来的奥林匹克冠军。(whether引导的表语从句)


  例句:Every child comes with the messagethatGod is not yet discouraged of man.
  每个孩子都带来消息说,上帝没有对人完全失望。(that引导同位语从句)
  二、引导状语从句的从属连词
  英语中的状语从句共有九类,这些状语从句各有其引导词,有的引导词又可以引导不同类型的状语从句。
  1)引导时间状语从句
  引导时间状语从句的从属连词主要有when,while,as,after,before,until/till,since,as soon as,once等。
  例句:Happiness is a butterfly,which,whenpursued,is always just beyond your grasp;but which,if you will sit down quietly,may slight upon you.
  幸福如一只蝴蝶,当你想追寻时,总也抓不到;但当你安静地坐下来时,它也许会飘落在你的身上。


  例句:WhileI was typing,my sister was washing.
  我在打字,妹妹在洗衣服。
  例句:Women,asthey grow older,rely more and more on cosmetics.Men,asthey grow older,rely more and more on a sense of humor.
  女人随着年龄的增长越来越依靠化妆品,而男人随着年龄的增长越来越依靠幽默感。
  例句:Afteryou finish this form,come to my office.
  填完这张表后,来我的办公室。
  例句:The test of a comedian is whether you laugh at himbeforehe opens his mouth.
  检验一个人是不是真正的戏剧家就是你是否在他未开口时就笑。
  例句:We are not satisfied,and we will not be satisfieduntil/tilljustice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.
  我们现在不满意,将来也不会满意,直到正义如水奔流而下,正直如泉喷涌而出。
  例句:I have lived in EnglandsinceI was three.
  自从三岁以来,我一直住在英格兰。
  例句:Oncesuccess is accomplished there,move another step,and another and another.
  一旦取得成功,就向前再走一步,再走一步,再走一步。
  2)引导地点状语从句
  引导地点状语从句的从属连词主要是where,everywhere,anywhere,somewhere等。
  例句:Wherethere is marriage without,there will be love without marriage.
  哪里有无爱的婚姻,哪里就会有无果的爱情。
  例句:Lay the bookssomewhereyou can find them easily.
  把书放在容易找到的地方。
  例句:You can find hereverywhereyou go.
  你所到之处都能发现她。
  3)引导原因状语从句
  引导原因状语从句的从属连词主要有because,since,as,now that,in that等。
  例句:Asyou've realized your mistake,I forgive you.
  既然你意识到了错误,我就原谅你。
  例句:Geniuses are the luckiest of mortalsbecausewhat they must do is the same as what they most want to do.
  天才时所有人中最幸运的,因为他们必须做的事和他们最想做的事是一致的。
  例句:Be not angry that you cannot make others as you wish them to be,sinceyou cannot make yourself as you wish to be.
  不要因为别人不能成为你所希望的人而恼怒,因为你自己也不能成为你所理想的人。
  4)引导条件状语从句
  引导条件状语从句的从属连词主要有if,unless,once,supposing,provided,providing等。
  例句:You must not lose faith in humanity.humanity is an ocean;ifa few drops of the ocean are dirty,the ocean does not become dirty.
  绝对不能失去对人性的信念。人性就像大海;即使大海中有几滴水脏了,它也不会因此而变脏。
  例句:You'll never move others,heart to heart,unlessyour speech comes from your heart.
  如果你说的话并非发自内心,你就不可能触动别人的心弦。
  例句:Supposingyou lost your job tomorrow,what would you do ?
  假如明天丢了工作,你怎么办?
  5)引导目的状语从句
  引导目的状语从句的从属连词主要有in order that,so that,so等。
  例句:I locked the doorso that/in order thatI could settle down to my work.
  我锁上门以便静下心来工作。
  例句:Speak louderso that/in order thateveryone can hear you.
  声音大一点以便让大家都能听见。
  6)引导让步状语从句
  引导让步状语从句的从属连词主要有although,though,even if,even though,while等。
  例句:Thoughthe thorn in the flower picked me,O beauty,I am grateful.
  虽然那花间的刺刺痛了我,美啊,我依然感激你。
  例句:She loves himeven thoughhe has many bad habits.
  尽管他坏习惯不少,但她依然爱他。
  例句:Whilewe are neighbors,I don't them well.
  尽管我们是邻居,我对他们却不太了解。
  7)引导结果状语从句
  引导结果状语从句的从属连词主要有so,so...that...,such...that...,so that等。
  例句:The car came round the corner atsucha velocitythatthe driver was unable to keep it on the road.
  车子转弯时速度太快,司机控制不住,结果冲出了街道。
  例句:The teacher explained very clearlyso thatwe all understood.
  老师解释得如此清楚,我们都听懂了。
  8)引导比较状语从句
  引导比较状语从句的从属连词有than,as(so)...as...等。
  例句:The plan turned out betterthanI had expected.
  这项计划的结果比我预料的好。
  例句:There is not a passionsostrongly rooted in the human heartasenvy.
  还没有一种情感像嫉妒一样顽固地根植在人心里。
  例句:Youth is the season of hope,enterprise and energy,to a nationas well asan individual.
  对国家乃至个人,青春是充满希望的季节,是进取向上的季节,是活力四射的季节。


  9)引导方式状语从句
  引导方式状语从句的从属连词主要有as,as if,as though,like等。
  例句:You should do as/likeI do.
  你应按照我做的做。
  例句:Treat your timeas ifsomeone is paying for it,someone is.
  珍惜时间,要像珍惜别人重金购买的东西一样,有人真的在花钱买它。
  以上就是“从属连词”,咱们一定要结合例句学习句法和语法,这样更容易理解和实操英语!
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  欢迎各位留言讨论,或者收藏,或者转发给身边的亲朋好友,大家一起学习、共同进步。
  学好英语并不难,听说读写重复练!坚持就会有提高,加油!

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